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关于理工类类毕业论文提纲,关于中石油职英语2016版相关本科毕业论文范文

此文是一篇理工类论文范文,关于理工类类论文范文,与中石油职英语2016版相关本科毕业论文范文。适合不知如何写理工类及第一篇及短文方面的写论文专业大学硕士和本科毕业论文以及理工类类开题报告范文和职称论文的作为写作参考文献资料下载。

2016年全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试模拟试题

(理工类)

考试时间:120分钟考试总分:100分

第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题l分,共15分)

下面共有l5个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择l个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语.答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上.

1Itisirritatingtobeforcedtolistentosuchsillyconversation.

中石油职英语2016版参考属性评定
有关论文范文主题研究: 关于理工类的论文范文检索 大学生适用: 在职论文、本科毕业论文
相关参考文献下载数量: 13 写作解决问题: 写作参考
毕业论文开题报告: 论文提纲、论文设计 职称论文适用: 论文发表、初级职称
所属大学生专业类别: 写作参考 论文题目推荐度: 最新题目

AchillyBannoyingCaccessoryDfurtive

2ManyofnovelistCarsonMcGullers'charactersareisolated,disappointedpeople.

AsolitaryBgrumpyCfeebleDfrugal

3One-roomschoolhousescanstillbefoundinisolatedareasofNorthAmerica.

AbareBdeprivedCremoteDdeveloped

4Thebenzenemoleculecontainssixcarbonatomsjoinedtogetherintheformofasix-sidedring.

ArepresentedBconnectedCcontainedDincluded

5Theoldcarjoltedalongthecountryroadatasnail'space.

ArodeBdawdledChonkedDbounced

6LiteraryhistoriansbelieveEmilyDickinsonhadalonelyexistence,findingjoyonlyinherpoetry.

AfriendshipBhappinessCexpressionDinterest

7Justicesofthepeacehavejurisdictionoverthetrialsofsomecivilsuitsandofcriminalcasesinvolvingminoroffenses.

AsupremacyBauthorityCguidanceDobedience

8Maineisjustlyfamous,foritsbeautifullakesandponds.

AonlyBrightfullyClegallyDsimply

9Insomelibrariesyoungpeoplecancheckouttenjuvenilehooksatonetime.

AadventureBlarge-printChardcoverDchildren's

10Coughsyrupsandcoldremediesthataremanufacturedwithalcoholwilllastmuchlongerthanthosepreparedwithwater.

AfloatBfinishCremaineffectiveDbeprescribed

11TheworksofWaltWhitmanhadalastingeffectonthedevelopmentofmodernAmericanpoetry.

AanenduringBanunknownCastartlingDafinal

12Notuntilhisplay"BeyondtheHorizon"wasproducedwagEugeneO'NeilllaudedastheforemostcreativeAmericanplaywright.

ApensatedBsecretlynamedCgivenpreferenceDpraised

13Aprominentadvocateofwomansuffrage.SusanB.AnthonylecturedthroughouttheUnitesStatesforthecauseofwomen'srights.

AraisedmoneyBarrangedmeetingsCwrotearticlesDgavespeeches

14HelenKeller'sachievementsasanauthorandlecturerwereaninspirationtomillions.

AeditorBdirectorCcorrespondentDspeaker

15Acorporationisabusinessanizationthatisformedtoactasasinglepersonandislegallyendowedwithparticularrightsandduties.

AbywordBbylawClaudablyDliberally

第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题l分,共7分)

阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断.如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑,如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑,如果该句的信息在文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑.

DiningCustom

Everylandhasitsowndiningcustom,andtheUnitedStatesisnoexception.Americansfeelthatthefirstruleofbeingapoliteguestistobeontime.Ifapersonisinvitedtodinnerat6:30,thehostessexpectshimtobethereat6:30ornotmorethanafewminutesafter.Be-causesheusuallydoesherowncooking,shetimesthemealsothatthecoffeeandmeatwillbeattheirbestatthetimesheaskstheguesttoe.Ifheislate,thefoodwillnotbesogood,andthehostesswillbedisappointed.Whentheguestcannoteontime,hecallshishostorhostessonthetelephone,givesthereason,andtellsatwhattimehethinkshecane.

Asguestscontinuetoarrive,themeninthegroupstandwhenawomanentersandremainstandinguntilshehasfoundachair.Amanalwaysriseswhenheisbeingintroducedtoawoman.Awomandoesnotrisewhensheisbeingintroducedeithertoamanorawomanun-lessthewomanismucholder.

Whentheguestssitdownatadinnertable,itiscustomaryforthementohelptheladiesbypushingtheirchairsunderthem.

EvenanAmericanmaybeconfusedbythenumberofknives,forks,andspoonsbesidehisplatewhenhesitsdowntoaformaldinner.Theruleissimple,however,usethemintheorder

inwhichtheylie,beginningfromtheoutside.Orwatchthehostessanddowhatshedoes.Thesmallforkontheoutsideontheleftisforsalad,whichisoftenservedwiththesoup.Thespoonontheoutsideattherightisforsoup,andsoon.Sometimesthereisaseparatelittleknife,calledabutterspreader,onasmallbread-and-butterplateattheleft.Asthebreadispassed,eachguestputshispieceonthebread-and-butterplate.

16Asacountryofimmigrants,theU.S.doesnothaveitsowndiningcustoms.

ARightBWrongCNotmentioned

17Theguestisexpectedtoarriveontimebecausethecoffeeandmeatwillbeattheirbestatthetimeheisrequiredtoe.


本篇论文来源:http://www.svfree.net/xie/0708695.html

ARightBWrongCNotmentioned

18Awomanusuallyriseswhensheisbeingintroducedtoanagedgentleman.

ARightBWrongCNotmentioned

19Atadinnertable,itiscustomaryforthementoarrangechairsforladies.

ARightBWrongCNotmentioned

20AtformalAmericandinner,theknives,forks,andspoonsbesidetheplateareplacedinacertainorder.

ARightBWrongCNotmentioned

21Therightordertousetheknives,forksandspoonsataformaldinnerisfromthelefttotheright.

ARightBWrongCNotmentioned

22Ataformaldinner,breadisusuallyservedtogetherwithsaladandsoup.

ARightBWrongCNotmentioned

第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题l分,共8分)

阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个正确的小标题,(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子.请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上.

Paris

1Paris,thecapitalandthelargestcityofthecountry,isinnorthcentralFrance.TheParismetropolitanareacontainsnearly20%ofthenation'spopulationandistheeconomic,cultural,andpoliticalcenterofFrance.TheFrenchgovernmentshavehistoricallyfavoredthecityasthe

siteforalldecisionmaking,thuspowerfullyattractingnearlyallofthenation'sactivities.

2Parishasgrownsteadilysinceitwaschosenasthenationalcapitalinthelate10thcentury.WiththeintroductionoftheIndustrialRevolution,agreatnumberofpeoplemovedtothecityfromthecountryduringthel9thcentury.Themigrationwasespeciallystimulatedbytheconstructionofrailroads,whichprovidedeasyaccesstothecapital.AfterWorldWarIImoreandmoreimmigrantsarrived.

3Thecityisthecentralizedcontrolpointofmostnationalradioandtelevisionbroadcasting.Itisaplaceofpublicationofthemostprestigiousnewspapersandmagazinesandaninternationalbookpublishingcenter.Withmorethanl00museums,Parishastrulybeenoneofthegreatestconcentrationsofarttreasuresintheworld.TheLouvre,openedasamuseumin1793,isoneofthelargestmuseumsintheworld.

4Inthelatel980sabout4.1millionpupilsannuallyattendedabout47,000elementaryschools.Inaddition,about5.4millionstudentsattendedsome11,200secondaryschools.Approximatelyl.2millionstudentswereenrolledannuallyatuniversitiesandcollegesinFranceinthelatel980s.Frenchcentersoflearninghaveservedasacademicmodelsthroughouttheworld.

5ParisistheleadingindustrialcenterofFrance,withaboutonequarterofthenation'smanufacturingconcentratedinthemetropolitanarea.IndustriesofconsumergoodshavealwaysbeendrawntoParisbytheenormousmarketofthebigpopulation,andmodern,high-technologyindustriesalsohavebeenumeroussinceWorldWarII.Chiefmanufacturesaremachinery,automobiles,chemicalsandelectricalequipment.

23Paragraph2________

24Paragraph3________

25Paragraph4________

26Paragraph5________

AHistoryofthecity

BIndustriesofthecity

CPopulationgrowth

DEducation

ECulturalcenter

FImmigration27Parishasinhistorybeenthecenterof________.

28Sincethe10thcentury,thepopulationofParis________.

29Manyvaluableworksofart________.

30ParisisnotonlythecenterofeducationofFrance,butalsothecenter________.

AcanbefoundinParis

Bthemajoreventsofthenation

Cofthecountry'sindustries

Dalotofcinemasandtheatres

Ehasbeengrowingsteadily

Fhasbeendecreasingrapidly

第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每题后面有4个选项.请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择l个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上.

第一篇CulturalCode

Everycultureattemptstocreatea"universeofdiscourse"foritsmembers.awayinwhichpeoplecaninterprettheirexperienceandconveyittooneanother.Withoutamonsystemofcodifyingsensations,lifewouldbeabsurdandalleffortstosharemeaningsdoomedtofailure.Thisuniverseofdiscourseoneofthemostpreciousofallculturallegaciesis

transmittedtoeachgenerationinpartconsciouslyandinpartunconsciously.Parentsandteachersgiveexplicitinstructioninitbypraisingorcriticizingcertainwaysofdressing,ofthinking,ofgesturing,ofrespondingtotheactsofothers.Butthemostsignificantaspectsofanyculturalcodemaybeconveyedimplicitly,notbyruleorlessonbutthroughmodelingbehavior.Thechildissurroundedbyotherswho,throughthemereconsistencyoftheiractionsasmalesandfemales,mothersandfathers,salesclerksandpolicemen,displaywhatisappropriatebehavior.Thusthegrammarofanycultureissentandreceivedlargelyunconsciously,makingone'sownculturalassumptionsandbiasesdifficulttorecognize.Theyseemsoobviouslyrightthattheyrequirenoexplanation.

InTheOpenandClosedMind,MiltonRokeachposestheproblemofculturalunderstandinginitssimplestform,butonethatcanreadilydemonstratetheplicationofmunicationbetweencultures.Itiscalledthe"DennyDoodlebugProblem".Readersaregivenalltherulesthatgovernthisculture:DennyisananimalthatalwaysfacesNorth,andcanmoveonlybyjumping,hecanjumplargedistancesorsmalldistances,butcanchangedirectiononlyafterjumpingfourtimesIanydirection,hecanjumpNorth,South,EastorWest,butnotdiagonally.UponconcludingajumpmsmasterplacessomefoodthreefeetdirectlyWestofhim.Surveyingthesituation,Dennyconcludeshemustjumpfourtimestoreachthefood.Nomoteorless.Andheisright.Allthereaderhastodoistoexplainthecircumstancesthatmakehisconclusioncorrect.

Thelargemajorityofpeoplewhoattemptthisproblemfailtosolveit,despitethefactthattheyaregivenalltherulesthatcontrolbehaviorinthisculture.IfthereisdifficultyingettinginsidethesimplisticworldofDennyDoodlebugwheretheculturalcodehasalreadybeenbrokenandhandedtousimaginetheplexityofprehendingbehaviorinsocietieswhosecodeshavetoyetbeendeciphered.Andwhereeventhosewhoobeythesecodesareonlyvaguelyawareandcanrarelydescribetheunderlyingsourcesoftheirownactions.

31Weacquirethegreaterpartofourculturalcodesby________.

Acreatingauniverseofdiscourse

Bimitatingthebehaviorofothers,especiallythoseofthepreviousgeneration

Csharingthesameexperienceswithotherpeople

Dtakinginthevariousinformationwe'regivenwithnodiscrimination

32Whatdoes"thegrammarofanyculture"refertointhefirstparagraph________

AThegrammaticalrulesinthelanguageusedbythelargestpopulationinaculture.

BRulesinaculturethatcanbemodeledonbyanotherculture.

CAnyrulesthatpeopleinaculturereceivethroughouthislifetime.

DRulesandcodesthatshapeone'sculturalperspectiveandbehavior.

33ByreadingTheOpenandClosedMind,wemay________.

AfindawayofsolvingtheDennyDoodlebugproblem

Brealizehowlittleweknowabouttheplexityofhumanbehavior

Cbringtolightcodesofsomesocietieswhichwedidn'tknowbefore

Dbeawareofthedifficultiesofmunicationsbetweendifferentcultures

34Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat________.

Ainsomesocieties,people'sbehaviorsarenotgovernedbyculturalcodes

Btherearestillsocietieswhoseculturalcodesstillremainamysterytous

Concepeopleacceptaculturalcode,they'llhaveafullunderstandingoftheirbehavior

DTheOpenandClosedMindexertsgreatimpactonpeople'sbehavior

35WhichoneofthefollowingstatementsaboutculturalcodeisTRUE________

APeopleinthesamesocietymaybegovernedbydifferentculturalcodes.

BCulturalcodesarepassedonfromonegenerationtoanothereitherinwrittenformorinoralformorinboth.

CCulturalcodesindifferentculturesmaydiffersharplyfromoneanother.

DTheinfluenceofculturalcodesonanindividualmaydecreaseashebeesolder.

第二篇ExpertsCallforLocalandRegionalControlofSitesforRadioactiveWaste

ThewithdrawalofNevada'sYuccaMountainasapotentialnuclearwasterepositoryhasreopenedthedebateoverhowandwheretodisposeofspentnuclearfuelandhigh-levelnuclearwaste.InanarticleintheJuly10issueofScience,UniversityofMichigangeologistRodneyEwingandPrincetonUniversitynuclearphysicistFrankvonHippelarguethat,althoughfederalagenciesshouldsetstandardsandissuelicensesfortheapprovalofnuclearfacilities,localmunitiesandstatesshouldhavethefinalapprovalonthesitingofthesefacilities.Theauthorsproposethedevelopmentofmultiplesitesthatwouldservicetheregionswherenuclearreactorsarelocated.

"Themaingoal..,shouldbetoprovidetheUnitedStateswithmultiplealternativesandsubstantialpublicinvolvementinanopensitinganddesignprocessthatrequiresacceptancebyhostmunitiesandstates,"theauthorswrite.

EwingandvonHippelalsoanalyzethereasonswhyYuccaMountain,selectedbyCongressin1987astheonlysitetobeinvestigatedforlong-termnuclearwastedisposal,finallywasshelvedaftermorethanthreedecadesofoftencontroversialdebate.Thereasonsincludethesite'sgeologica

关于中石油职英语2016版的在职研究生毕业论文范文
关于理工类类论文范文
lproblems,managementproblems,importantchangesintheEnvironmentalProtectionAgency'sstandard,unreliablefundingandthefailuretoinvolvelocalmunitiesinthedecision-makingprocess.

Goingforward,effortsshouldbedirectedatlocatingstoragefacilitiesinthenation'snortheastern,southeastern,midwesternandwesternregions,andstateswithinagivenregionshouldberesponsiblefordevelopingsolutionsthatsuittheirparticularcircumstances.Transportationofnuclearwasteoverlongdistances,whichwasaconcernwiththeYuccaMountainsite,wouldbelessofaproblembecausetemporarystorageorgeologicaldisposalsitescouldbelocatedclosertoreactors.

"ThisregionalapproachwouldbesimilartothecurrentapproachinEurope,wherespentnuclearfuelandhigh-levelnuclearwastefromabout150reactorsandreprocessingplantsistobemovedtoanumberofgeologicalrepositoriesinavarietyofrocktypes,"saidRodneyEwing,whohaswrittenextensivelyabouttheimpactofnuclearwastemanagementontheenvironmentandwhohasanalyzedsafetyassessmentcriteriaforthecontroversialYuccaMountainnuclearwasterepository.

36.Whichofthefollowingwordscanbestsubstitutetheword"withdrawal"inthefirstparagraph

ARetirement,

BCanceling.

CReplaced.

DDisposal.

37.AccordingtoRodneyEwingandFrandvonHippel,wheretolocatenuclearfacilities

Ashouldbeapprovedbythefederalgovernment.

Bshouldbeapprovedbylocalpeopleandstates.

CshouldbeapprovedbyCongress.

Disnotanimportantissue.

38.WhatisNOTtrueaboutthe1987decisionbyCongressconcerningsitingofnuclearwastedisposal

AYuccaMountainwasselectedastheonlysiteforanuclearwasterepository.

BTheselectionofYuccaMountainfornuclearwastedisposalcausedmuchcontroversy.

CThedecisionbyCongresswasputasideduetoanumberofproblems.

DThedecisionbyCongresswasacceptedbylocalmunities.

39.Whatdoestheauthoroftheessayinthefourthparagraphwanttosay

AEffortsshouldbemadetosolvetheproblemsoftransportationofnuclearwasteoverlongdistance.

BEffortsshouldbemadetodevelopasmanynucleardisposalsitesintheUSaspossible.

CEffortsshouldbemadetodevelopnucleardisposalsitestosuitthecircumstancesoftheregion.

DEffortsshouldbemadetobuildasmanytemporarynucleardisposalsitesaspossible.

40.Whatismeantby"regionalapproach"asmentionedinthelastparagraph

AWastedisposalsitesarelocatedclosetoreactorsandinplacessuitablefortheregionalcircumstances.

BGeologicalrepositoriesarelocatedinavarietyofrocktypes.

CSpentnuclearfuelandhigh-levelnuclearwasteismovedtodevelopingcountries.

DWastedisposalsitesarelocatedfarawayfromreactors.

第三篇PlantGas

Scientistshavebeenstudyingnaturalsourcesofmethanefordecadesbuthadn'tregardedplantsasaproducer,notesFrankKeppler,ageochemistattheMaxPlanckInstituteforNuclearPhysicsinHeidelberg,Germany.NowKepplerandhiscolleaguesfindthatplants,fromgrassestotrees,mayalsobesourcesofthegreenhousegas.Thisisreallysurprising.becausemostscientistsassumedthatmethaneproductionrequiresanoxygen-freeenvironment.

Previously,researchershadthoughtthatitwasimpossibleforplantstomakesignificantamountsofthegas.Theyhadassumedthatmicrobesneedtobeinenvironmentswithoutoxygentoproducemethane.Methaneisagreenhousegas,likecarbondioxide.GasessuchasmethaneandcarbondioxidetrapheatinEarth'satmosphereandcontributetoglobalwarming.

Initsexperiments.Keppler'steamusedsealedchambersthatcontainedthesameconcentrationofoxygenthatEarth'satmospherehas.TheymeasuredtheamountsofmethanethatWerereleasedbybothlivingplantsanddriedplantmaterial,suchasfallenleaves.

Withthedriedplants,theresearcherstookmeasurementattemperaturesrangingfrom30degreesCelsiusto70degreesC.At30degreesC.theyfound,agramofdriedplantmaterialreleasedupto3nanogramsofmethaneperhour.(Onenanogramisabillionthofagram.)Withevery10-degreeriseintemperature,theamountofmethanereleasedeachhourroughlydoubled.

Livingplantsgrowingattheirnormaltemperaturesreleasedasmuchas370nanogramsofmethanepergramofplanttissueperhour.Methaneemissionstripledwhenlivinganddeadplantwasexposedtosunlight.

.Becausetherewasplentyofoxygenavailable,it'sunlikelythatthetypesofbacteriathatnormallymakemethanewereinvolved.Experimentsonplantsthatweregrowninwaterratherthansoilalsoresumedinmethaneemissions.That'sanotherstrongsignthatthegascamefromtheplantsandnotsoilmicrobes.

Thenewfindingisan"interestingobservation,"saysJenniferY.King,abiogeochemistryattheUniversityofMinnesotainSt.Paul.Becausesometypesofsoilmicrobesconsumemethane,theymaypreventplant-producedmethanefromreachingtheatmosphere.Fieldtestswillbeneededtoassesstheplant'sinfluence,shenotes.

41.Whatwasscientists'understandingofmethane

AItwasproducedfromplants.

BItwasnotagreenhousegas.

CItwasproducedinoxygen-freeenvironments.

DIttrapsmoreheatthananyothergreenhousegas

42.Totestwhetherplantsareasourceofmethane,thescientistscreated

Aaoxygen-freeenvironment.

BanenvironmentwiththesameconcentrationofoxygenastheEarthhas.

Cacarbondioxide-freeenvironment

Danenvironmentfilledwiththegreenhousegas.

43.Whichstatementistrueofthemethaneemissionsofplantsintheexperiment!

AThelowerthetemperature,thehighertheamountofmethaneemissions.

BLivingplantsreleaselessmethanethandriedplantsatthesametemperature.

CWhenexposedtosunlight,plantsstopreleasingmethane.

DThehigherthetemperature,thegreatertheamountofmethaneemissions.

44.whichofthefollowingaboutmethaneisNotmentionedinthepassage

APlantsgrowinginsoilreleasemethane.BPlantsgr0winginwaterreleasemethane.

CSoilmicrobesConsumemethane.DMicrobesinplantsproducemethane.

45.Whatisthebeneficialpointofsomemicrobesconsumingplant-producedmethane

AMethanebeeslesspoisonous.BMethaneisturnedintoafertilizer.

CLessmethanereachestheatmosphere.DAirbeescleaner.

第5部分:补全短文(第46—50题,每题2分,共10分)

阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌.请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上.

TheBuildingofthePyramids

Theoldeststonebuildingsintheworldarethepyramids.____46____ThereareovereightyofthemscatteredalongthebanksoftheNile,someofwhicharedifferentinshapefromthetruepyramids.Themostfamousofthesearethe"Step"pyramidandthe"Bent"pyramid.

Someofthepyramidsstilllookmuchthesameastheymusthavedonewhentheywerebuiltthousandsofyearsago.Mostofthedamagesufferedbytheothershasbeenatthehandsofmenwhowerelookingfortreasureor,moreoften,forstonetouseinmodernbuildings.

____47____Thesearegoodreasonswhytheycanstillbeseentoday,butperhapsthemostimportantisthattheywereplannedtolastforever.

____48____However,therearenowritingsorpicturestoshowushowtheEgyptiansplannedorbuiltthepyramidsthemselves.____49____Nevertheless,byexaminingtheactualpyramidsandvarioustoolswhichhavebeenfound,archaeologistshaveformedafairlyclearpictureofthem.

Onethingiscertain:theremusthavebeenmonthsofcarefulplanningbeforetheycouldbegintobuild.____50____Youmaythinkthiswouldhavebeeneasywithmilesandmilesofemptydesertaround,butapyramidcouldnotbebuiltjustanywhere.Certainruleshadtobefollowed,andcertainproblemshadtobeovere.

AThedryclimateofEgypthashelpedtopreservethepyramids,andtheirveryshapehavemadethemlesslikelytofallintoruin.

BItispracticallycertainthatplansweremadeforthebuildingofthepyramidsbecausetheplansofotherlargeworkshavefortunatelybeenpreserved.

CThefirstthingtheyhadtodowastochooseasuitableplace.

DConsequently,weareonlyabletoguessatthemethodsused.

EManypeoplewerekilledwhilebuildingthepyramids.

FTheyhavestoodfornearly5,000years,anditseemslikelythattheywillcontinuetostandforthousandsofyearsyet.

第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题l分,共15分)

阅读下面的短文,文中有1s处空白,每处空白给出4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择l个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上.


如何写理工类硕士小论文
播放:24279次 评论:7657人

SeeingredMeansDangerAhead

Thecolorredoftenmeansdanger--andbypayingattention,51canbeprevented.Atrailroadcrossings,flashingredlightswarncarstostayback.Aredlightatatrafficintersectiontellscarstostop,so52don'trunintoothercars.

Inthefuture,thecolorredalsomayhelppreventdanger53constructionsites.Thankstonewworkbyengineers,bridgesupports-orotherkindsofmaterials—couldonedaycontainacolor-changingmaterial.Itwillturnred54astructurecollapsesorfalls55Atinymoleculemaymakeabigdifferenceinfuturewarningsystems.

Apolymer56acolor-changingmoleculecalledamechanophoreturnsredsecondsbeforeitsnaps.Thetechnologymayonedayallowdamagetomaterialsorstructurestobeeasily57.

Thesecretbehindthecolor-changingmaterialisaparticulartypeofmolecule.Amoleculeisagroupofatomsheldtogetherby58bonds.Moleculeseinallshapesandsizes,andmakeup59youcansee,touchorfeel.Howamoleculebehavesdependsonwhatkindsofatomsitcontains,andhowthey'reheldtogether.

Whenapolymercontainingacolor-changingmoleculecalledamechanophoreisabouttobreaks,itproducesacolor.Whenapolymerwithmechanophoremoleculesbees"injured"or60,oneofthemechanophorebondsbreaksandthematerialturnsred."It'sareallysimpledetectionmethod,"saysNancySottos,oneofthescientistswhoworkedontheproject."We're61upthisonebond,anditchangescolor."Sottosandherteamtestedthecolor-changingpolymersintheirlab.Thetest62provedencouraging.

Thereisawaytogetridoftheredcolor:63.Whenabrightlightisshoneonthemechanophore,thebrokenbondisfixed-andtheredcolordisappears.This"self-healing"maybeaproblemforengineers.Theyneedtousethecolor-changerinbigconstructionprojectsthatwillbe64,insunlight.Andsunlightwillmakethemechanophore'swarningsystemuseless.

Sottosandherfellowscientistsstillhave65worktodobeforethecolor-changingmoleculescanbeusedoutsidethelab.

51.AmeasuresBaccidentsCactionsDcollapses

52.AtheyBitCsomeDmost

53.AwithBoverCatDin

54.AbeforeBafterConceDwhile

55.AtogetherBbehindCdownDapart

56.AcontactingBconductingCcontainingDconsidering

57.AcontrolledBspottedCrepairedDchanged

58.AtechnicalBelectronicCphysicalDchemical

59.AeverythingBsomethingCnothingDanything

60.AweakBstrongCtoughDsoft

61.AusingBopeningCturningDfinishing

62.AlawsBtheoriesCtoolsDresults

63.AairBelectricityClightDsound

64.AasideBbesideCinsideDoutside

65.AapartofBapairofCapieceofDalotof

2016年全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试模拟试题(理工类)

1B2A3C4B5D6B7B8B9D10C11A12D13D14D15B16B17A18B19C20A21B22C23C24E25D26B27B28E29A30C31B32D33D34B35C36B37B38D39C40A41C42B43D44D45C46F47A48B49D50C51B52A53C54A55D56C57B58D59A60A61B62D63C64D65D

参考文献:

职文 重庆

理工科院校翻译专业硕士教学中计算机辅助翻译课程的设计

湖南高职专科投档线两极化

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